Prospective research project conducted by Anna Tarasenko, Centre for Modernization Studies, European University at St. Petersburgto be resulted into a Working Paper in 2010.
In order to resolve the problem of decision-making transparency and weak parliament control of the executive activity and decision-making, the European Commission officially stated developing mechanisms for the interaction with civil society organizations. Several types of non-profit organizations were defined as appropriate: charity organizations, advocacy organizations, foundations etc. Among them, social NGOs secure particular place as they help to implement European social policy. Since the adoption of A White Paper on European Governance in 2000, social NGOs are seen as a particular subject among other non-profit organizations. Therefore, the particularities of the EU policy towards social NGOs are in the center of the study.
The main goal of the research is to reveal reasons and consequences of the EU policy towards social NGOs and define its consequences. Particularly, the principles and mechanisms of civil society representation are analyzed, which are proclaimed in White Paper on European Governance. Main hypothesis is that this policy encourages consolidations of NGOs at the European level and therefore effects development of the non-profit sector as a whole.
As the main outcome of the analysis the mechanisms of social NGOs involvement into the EU policy and peculiarities of involved participants will be revealed. These results could be used for comparative analysis including Russian experience as federal authorities try to adopt particular policy towards Russian social NGOs. Seeking for the dialogue with NGOs, in 2001 the Kremlin initiated the Civic Forum in order to “reinforce citizens’ control on decision-making process”. In 2004-2006, the special federal Public Chamber among other consultative bodies under the federal ministries with NGOs representative was created. This experience can be accessed more properly in comparison with the European case.